前缀dis-(dif-,di-) = apart;to undo;lack of,to remove;not
dis-是个很常见的前缀,它原是副词性的拉丁前缀,意思为apart。当它作为原生前缀与拉丁词根结合时,根据词根首字母的情况,分别使用dis-,dif-,di-三种形式。其中,dis-主要出现在c,p,...
前缀actino-,actin- = A ray or beam 光线,束
before vowels actin-, word-forming element meaning "pertaining to rays," from Greek aktis (genitive aktinos) "ray, radiance;" perhaps cognate with Sanskrit aktuh "light, ray," Gothic uhtwo "dawn, daybreak," Lithuanian anksti "early."...
前缀acrylo-,acryl- = Acrylic 丙烯酸塑料
前缀acrylo-,acryl-是化学元素前缀,非常专业的词缀,一般的书籍上没有介绍,可以说如果不是化学专业的,真的很少见到由这个前缀构成的单词了。 词源: [English acrylic (from Latin acer,...
前缀acro-,acr- = highest, topmost, at the extremities 高,最高,极高,顶点
前缀acro- 来源于拉丁语akro-,akro-来源于akros意思是at the end,at the top,也就是说,akros一直演变成前缀acro-意思基本上没有变。为什么变成acro-,而不是演变成别的词缀呢?这个可以通过音变...
前缀acoust(o)-,acous-, acou-, and acoustico- = Sound or hearing
[Greek akoustikos, from akouein, to hear (acou- comes from the latter).] Acoustics is the branch of physics concerned with the properties of sound; the field of acoustooptics studies interactions between very high frequency sound waves and b...
前缀aceto-,acet- = Acetic acid or the acetyl group
before vowels acet-, word-forming element from comb. form of acetic and generally indicating compounds from or related to acetic acid....
前缀acar(o)-,acari- = A mite or tick
[Greek akari, mite or tick.] Mites and ticks belong to the order or subclass, Acari (or Acarina); a member of the group is an acarid and the study of them is acarology. A substance that kills mites and ticks is an acaricide (Latin -cida, fro...
前缀acanth(o)- = Spiny or thorny
[Greek akantha, a thorn.] The acanthus is a genus of Mediterranean plants that have prickly leaves; the mineral acanthite, a major source of silver, forms slender pointed crystals; acanthosis is a thickening of the prickle cells in the skin,...
前缀abdomin(o)- = The abdomen
[Latin abdomen , abdomin- , abdomen.] The abdomen is the part of the body cavity below the diaphragm, containing the stomach, intestines, kidneys, and other organs. An abdominoplasty is an operation to tighten the abdominal muscles and remo...
前缀 tetra-,tet-,tetr- = four 四
before vowels tet-, word-forming element meaning "four," from Greek tetra-, combining form of tettares (Attic), tessares "the numeral four" (see four)....
前缀hendeca-,undeca-,dodeca-,trideca-,tetradeca-,pentadeca-,hexadeca-,heptadeca-,octadeca-,nonadeca
这是一组从十一一直到二十的前缀,之所以,把它们放在一起,一是因为,它们都是数字;二是因为,他们构词能力不强,而且构成的单词都是组合词,很容易认识,而且在这十个前缀...
前缀syn-,sy-,sym-,syl-,sys- = with,together同共,一起,相似
前缀syn- 前缀syn-来源于希腊语,意为with,together,at the same time,by means of,alike等,前缀syn在辅音字母b,m,p前变为sym(symbol,symmetrysymptom),在辅音字母l前变为sly(syllabus,syllogism)。此外,在辅音字母...
前缀pico- = vary small 微微,万亿分之一,沙
来源于西班牙语pico 意为a little over, a small balance,,直到1952年才正式被采用,作为科学前缀,意思是万亿分之一。 另外,femto- 表示毫微微,尘,atto- 表示微微微,渺 同缀词: 1.picohenry [p...
前缀myria-,myri- = ten thousand,innumberable 万
来源于希腊语 myrias 一万,前缀 myri- 为 myria- 的变体。其实这个前缀也是一个词根,只是在很多的关于词源,词根书上很少见到这个后缀,相对来说这个前缀是比较生僻的,不常用,但...
前缀oligo-,olig- = few,small,scanty 少,小,寡,微
前缀oligo- 来源希腊语的oligos 少,在元字母前,前缀oligo-变成olig-,它相应的拉丁语前缀为:pauci- 少,来源于拉丁语 parcus,在科技领域不常用,而是直接用 poor,如:poor mixture 稀 ( 劣质...
前缀 aden-,adeno- = A gland
来源于希腊语。 [Greek adēn, a gland.] The adenoids are glandular tissue at the back of the nose, whose surgical removal is adenoidectomy (Greek ektomē, excision); adenopathy (Greek patheia, suffering) is a disease or disorder of gl...
前缀adip(o)- = Fat or fatty tissues
[Latin adeps , adip- , fat.] The usual adjective is adipose , mainly used in medical contexts to describe fatty body tissues; an adipocyte is a cell found in connective tissue that stores fat; adiposity is fatness, or a tendency to fatness;...
前缀aer(o)- = Air or another gas; the atmosphere; aircraft
前缀aer-来源于希腊语,这个前缀也是一个词根,当作词根讲时,也有空气的意思。 [Greek aēr, air.] Some examples relate to the atmosphere: aerology is its study; aerobiology is the study of airborne microorgani...
前缀 afore- = Before or previously
[Old English onforan, from on- (see a- 2 ) and foran, in front, in advance.] Words beginning with afore- are now archaic or formal and in some cases have been replaced by words or phrases employing before. Examples are aforehand, beforehand...
前缀Afro- = Africa; African and …
word-forming element meaning African, from Latin Afr-, stem of Afer, Afri African (see Africa), or directly from African. ------------《英语在线词源字典》 Africa; African and [Latin Afer, Afr-, African.] Hyphenated terms often deno...