Zen (n.)
禅宗乃中国佛教最大的宗派,因主张通过禅定修心见性而得名,相传南朝宋末年(5世纪)由天竺(即今天印度)和尚菩提达摩传入中国,后来又分为北方渐悟说和南方顿悟说两宗,但北...
zipper(n.)
拉链在英语中通称zipper,在美国英语中尤为常用。从构词上来看,zipper系zip加后缀 -er 而成(按词缀法规则,辅音字母p须双写),其中zip原为拟声词,模拟的是子弹的尖啸声或布匹撕裂声...
zinnia (n.)
这是一种一年生草本花卉,属于菊科,原产默西哥,在我国各地园林及居民庭院广泛栽培,汉语称作百日草或百日菊,英语名称zinnia借自拉丁文,是瑞典植物学家林奈(Carolus Linnaeus,1...
Zionism (n.)
耶路撒冷有一座山名叫Zion,汉译作锡安(山)或郇山,该词源自于希伯来语tsyn hill (小山)。公元前10 世纪古以色列国国王大卫攻占耶路撒冷,建都于此。Zion山上那有大卫王及其子孙...
zephyr (n.)
zephyr原指西风,首字母大写时指也指西风神,它来源于希腊神话中的西风神Zephyrus。在西方文人的笔下,西风素来描绘为四种风(即东风、西风、南风、北风)中最温和的一种,是次来...
zero hour (n.)
原为军事用语,直译作零时,始用于第一次世界大战期间,用以批采取军事行动或发起进攻的时刻,以后词义逐渐扩展,不再囿于军事,也用于其他场合,喻指开始行动的时刻、决定性...
zip code (n.)
1963年美国邮政部为了便于邮件的分拣和投递采用了邮政编码制,称zip code。zip系 Zone Improvement Plan(区域改进方案)的首字母缩略词,因和英语原有zip(子弹的尖啸声)一词同形同音,故...
zeal(n.)
zeal [14] Zeal is closely related to jealousy. It comes via late Latin zēlus from Greek zlosfervour, jealousy. The medieval Latin derivative zēlōsus has left English a double legacy: zealous[16] and (via Old French) jealous....
zero(n.& v.)
zero [17] In common with many other English mathematical terms, zero comes ultimately from Arabic. Its distant ancestor is Arabic sifr, a noun use of an adjective meaning empty, which also produced English cipher. It passed into English via...
zest(n.)
zest 是个外来词,17世纪借自法语,法语今作zeste,指加于饮料使其具有独特香味的柠檬皮或香橙皮。在法语中此义一直没用至今。英语的zest原来也用于此义,但现在几乎已经废弃不用,...
zany(adj.& n.)
zany [16] Zany originated as the name of a character in the old Italian commedia dellarte,who tried, rather feebly, to mimic the antics of the clown. It came from Italian Zanni, a Venetian and Lombardic variant of Gianni, the pet form of Gi...
zenith(n.)
zenith [14] Arabic samt arrās means literallypath over the head. Samtpath, road made its way via Old Spanish zenit and Old French cenit into English as zenith, bringing with it the metaphorical application to the point in the sky directly...
zodiac(n.)
zodiac [14] The zodiac is etymologically a circle of little animals. Greek zidion originally denoted a carved figure of an animal (it was a diminutive of zionanimal, a relative of English zoo). From it was derived the adjective zōidiaks, w...
zymase(n.)
zymase,n.,an enzyme present in yeast(bio chem.)Coined by the French physician and chemist Pierre-Jacques Antoine(1816-1908) in 1875 fr.Gk. (see next word)and suff. -ase. 《克莱因英语词源字典》...
zymosterol(n.)
zymosterol,n.,a sterol occurring in yeast(bio chem.)Formed fr. zymo- and sterol. 《克莱因英语词源字典》...
zymosis(n.)
zymosis,n.,fermentation.ModL.,fr.Gk. fermentation,fr. to fermentfr. See zyme and -osis. 《克莱因英语词源字典》...
zymogen,zymogene(n.)
zymogen,zymogene,n.,a substance prodocing ferment(biol)Lit.ferment producer,coined by the German physiologist Rudolf Peter Heinrich Heidenhain(1834-97)fr. zymo- and -gen. 《克莱因英语词源字典》...
zyme(n.)
zyme,n.,ferment(meet.)Gk. leaven,ferment,(for I.-E.*y s-mā),rel.to Gk. broth(prob.for I.-E.*yō(u)smos),fr.I.-E.base *y s-,whence also OI. y s-,broth,L. j s,broth,soup;see juice and cp.zymosis,zymurgy,azyme,enzyme.Gk. toboil,is not rel.to...
zymotic(adj.)
zymotic,adj.,pertaining to,or causing,fermentation.Gk. causing to ferment,fr. fermented,verbal adj.of See prec.word and -otic . 《克莱因英语词源字典》...
zythum (n.)
zythum,n.,beer(Roman antiq.)L.,fr.Gk. ,beer,esp.Egyptian beer,beer of the northern nations,which is prob.of Egyptian origin.See Frisk.GEW.,I,p.616s.v. 《克莱因英语词源字典》...
Zyklon (n.)
type of fumigant used to kill rats in enclosed spaces, such as holds of ships, boxcars, etc., 1926, from German Zyklon, commercial name of a type of hydrogen cyanide, said to be of unknown etymology, but it is the usual German form of the w...
zymurgy (n.)
branch of chemistry which deals with wine-making and brewing, 1868, from Greek zymo-, comb. form of zyme a leaven (from PIE root *yeue-; see juice) + -ourgia a working, from ergon work (see organ). The last word in many standard English dic...
zoo(n.)
zoo [19] Greek zion meant animal (it came from the Indo-European base *gwei-, which also lies behind English biology,quick, and vital). From it was formed modern Latin zōologiastudy of animals, which English adapted as zoology[17]. Zoologi...
zzz
字母Z在英国英语中发/zed/,在美国英语中发/zi:/,发音类似鼾声(snoring),所以人们在口语中常以catch/get/make some zs 这一短语表表示小睡片刻。几十年来,zzz一直被漫画家用来表示鼾声。zzz...
zombie (n.)
zombie [19] Zombie was originally the name of a snake-god in the voodoo cult of West Africa,and later of the Caribbean, and it comes from a West African language (it is related to Kongo nzambigod and zumbifetish). It was later applied to a...
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