yoyo(n.)
yoyo指木头、塑料等制成的圆形玩具,可用绳子拉上拉下,通常音译为游游或约约。yoyo一度只是这种玩具的商标,而不是名称。一位芝加哥玩具商在圣弗兰西斯科街上见到一个菲律宾青...
yacht词源
yacht [16] A yacht is etymologically a boat forchasing others. The word was borrowed from early modern Dutch jaghte. This was short for jaghtschip, literally chase ship, a compound noun formed from jaght, a derivative of the verb jagenhunt,...
Yankee词源
Yankee [17] Yankee appears to have started life as a nickname for Dutchmen, and it is thought that it may represent Dutch Janke, a diminutive form of the common Dutch forename Jan. It was first used as a term for inhabitants of New England...
yard词源
yard enclosed area [OE] and yardthree feet [OE] are distinct words, both of ancient ancestry. The former probably goes back ultimately to Indo-European *ghorto-, which also produced Latin cohorscourt (source of English cohortand court) and h...
yarn词源
yarn [OE] Yarn comes from prehistoric Germanic *garn-, which also produced German,Swedish, and Danish garn and Dutch garen.This in turn went back to an Indo-European base whose other descendants include Greek khordstring (source of English...
yawn词源
yawn [OE] Yawn goes back ultimately to the Indo-European base *ghei-, *ghi-, which also produced Greek khskeingape (a close relative of English chasm[17]) and Latin hiāregape,yawn (source of English hiatus[16]). The base passed into prehis...
year词源
year [OE] Year is part of a widespread European family of time-words that goes back ultimately to Indo-European *jēr-, *jōr-. This also produced Greek hrāseason (ultimate source of English hour), Czech jarospring, and Avestan (the ancien...
yeast词源
yeast [OE] Yeast is etymologically a substance that causes fermentation. For its ultimate source is the Indo-European base *jes- boil,foam, froth, which also produced Greek zenboil (source of English eczema) and Welsh iāsseething. Its Germ...
yellow词源
yellow [OE] Yellow is a member of an ancient and widespread family of European colour-terms descended from Indo-European *ghel-,*ghol-, which denoted both yellow andgreen. From it were descended Latin helvusyellowish and possibly galbusgree...
yeoman词源
yeoman [14] Etymologically, a yeoman is probably simply a young man; indeed originally the word denoted a junior household servant, between a squire and a page in rank. It started life as yongman, a compound of Middle English yongyoung and...
yes词源
yes [OE] Yes is descended from Old English gese. It is thought that this was a compound formed from gēayes (ancestor of archaic English yeaand related to German and Dutch jayes) and sīe, the third-person present singular subjunctive of be...
yesterday词源
yesterday [OE] The yester- of yesterday(and of yesteryear[19], coined by Dante Gabriel Rossetti) was originally a free-standing word,meaning yesterday, but by the time records of it in Old English begin it was already locked into a collocat...
yet词源
yet [OE] Yet is one of the mystery words of English. It seems to have emerged from the Anglo-Frisian group of dialects in northeastern Europe before the Angles and Saxons crossed the Channel (Old Frisian had iēta), but its ultimate source...
yield词源
yield [OE] Yield is descended from prehistoric Germanic *gelthanpay, which also produced German geltenpay (German geldmoneycomes from the same base). It originally meantpay in English too, and it seems the sensesurrender, which emerged in t...
yoghurt词源
yoghurt[ 17] It has taken a long time for yoghurt to settle down orthographically, and the process is not yet complete. It was originally acquired (from Turkish yoghurt) in the 1620s as yoghurd,and since then spellings such as yaghourt,yoog...
yoke词源
yoke [OE] The etymological ideal underlying yoke is of joining here, of joining two animals together. The word came ultimately from Indo-European *jugom, which also produced Latin jugumyoke (source of English conjugal,jugular[16], and subju...
you词源
you [OE] You was originally the accusative and dative form of yeyou, but it began to take over as the nominative form in the 15th century, and at the same time was in the process of ousting the singular thou to become the general second-per...
Young词源
Young [OE] Young is part of a widespread family of words that go back to Indo-European *juwngksyoung (others include Welsh ieuanc, Irish ōg, and Sanskrit juvas). And this in turn was derived from *juwen-, which produced Latin juvenis(sourc...
Yule词源
Yule [OE] Old English gēol, the ancestor of modern English Yule, was originally the name of a pre-Christian mid-winter festival, but it later came to be applied to Christmas. It was related to Old Norse jlmid-winter festival (possible sour...
yuppie词源
yuppie [20] Yuppie is an acronym, formed in the USA from the initial letters of young urban professional. It came on the scene in 1984, and at first competed with yumpie(formed fromyoung upwardly mobile people). It was yuppie which won out,...
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