voicemail (n.)
also (and originally) voice mail, by 1982; see voice (n.), mail (n.1)....
vocation (n.)
early 15c., "spiritual calling," from Old French vocacion "call, consecration; calling, profession" (13c.) or directly from Latin vocationem (nominative vocatio), literally "a calling, a being called" from vocatus "called," past participle o...
vocalize (v.)
1660s, from vocal + -ize. Related: Vocalized; vocalizing....
voiceless (adj.)
1530s, "unable to speak," from voice (n.) + -less. Meaning "having no say in affairs" is from 1630s; that of "unspoken, unuttered" is from 1816. In phonology, "unvoiced," from 1867. Related: Voicelessly; voicelessness....
voice (n.)
late 13c., "sound made by the human mouth," from Old French voiz "voice, speech; word, saying, rumor, report" (Modern French voix), from Latin vocem (nominative vox) "voice, sound, utterance, cry, call, speech, sentence, language, word" (sou...
vocalization (n.)
1842, "action of vocalizing;" 1855, "mode or manner of vocalizing;" from French vocalisation (1835) or else formed in English from vocalize + -ation....
vogue (n.)
1570s, the vogue, "height of popularity or accepted fashion," from Middle French vogue "fashion, success;" also "drift, swaying motion (of a boat)" literally "a rowing," from Old French voguer "to row, sway, set sail" (15c.), probably from a...
vocalist (n.)
1610s, "speaker" (obsolete); 1817, "singer," as opposed to "instrumental performer;" from vocal + -ist....
vocal (adj.)
late 14c., "spoken, oral," from Old French vocal (13c.), from Latin vocalis "sounding, sonorous, speaking," as a noun, "a vowel," from vox (genitive vocis) "voice" (see voice (n.)). In reference to music (as opposed to instrumental), first r...
vodka (n.)
1802, from Russian vodka, literally "little water," diminutive of voda "water" (from PIE *wod-a-, from root *wed- (1) "water, wet;" see water (n.1)) + diminutive suffix -ka....
vociferous (adj.)
1610s, from Latin vociferari "to shout, yell, cry out," from vox (genitive vocis) "voice" (see voice (n.)) + stem of ferre "to carry" (see infer). Related: Vociferously; vociferousness....
vocabulary (n.)
1530s, "list of words with explanations," from Medieval Latin vocabularium "a list of words," from Latin vocabulum "word, name, noun," from vocare "to name, call" (see voice (n.)). Meaning "range of words in the language of a person or group...
vociferation (n.)
c.1400, from Latin vociferationem (nominative vociferatio), "a loud calling, clamor, outcry," noun of action from past participle stem of vociferari (see vociferous)....
Vladimir
masc. proper name, from Old Church Slavonic Vladimiru "Ruling Peace," from vlasti "to rule over" (from PIE *wal- "to be strong") + miru "peace" (see Mir)....
vociferate (v.)
1590s, a back-formation from vociferation and in part from Latin vociferatus, past participle of vociferari "to cry out, shout, exclaim," from voci-, stem of vox "voice" (see voice (n.)) + ferre "to carry" (see infer). Related: Vociferated;...
Vlach (n.)
"member of a Latin-speaking race of the Balkans, a Walachian or Rumanian," 1841, from Bulgarian vlakh or Serbian vlah, from Old Church Slavonic vlakhu, a Slavic adoptation of Germanic *walh (source of Old English wealh) "foreigner," especial...
VJ day (n.)
also V-J Day, "Victory in Japan Day," 1944; it shares an origin with VE Day....
vocative (adj.)
early 15c., "showing the person or thing spoken to," from Middle French vocatif, from Latin vocativus (casus) "(case of) calling," from vocatus, past participle of vocare "to call" (see voice (n.)). The Latin is a translation of Greek kletik...
vocational (adj.)
1650s, from vocation + -al (1). Related: Vocationally....
vizier (n.)
also vizir, 1560s, from Turkish vezir "counsellor," from Arabic wazir "viceroy," literally "one who bears (the burden of office)," literally "porter, carrier," from wazara "he carried." But Klein says Arabic wazir is from Avestan viira "arbi...
vitro-
word-forming element meaning "glass," from comb. form of Latin vitrum "glass" (see vitreous)....
vivarium (n.)
c.1600, "game park," from Latin vivarium "enclosure for live game, park, warren, preserve, fish pond," noun use of neuter singular of vivarius "pertaining to living creatures," from vivus "alive, living" (see vivid). Meaning "glass bowl for...
vizard (n.)
"mask," 1550s, altered form of vysar, viser (see visor), by influence of words in -ard. Figurative use from 1570s; common 17c. Also applied to the person with the masks, and used as a verb meaning "to conceal." Related: Vizarded; vizarding....
vivacity (n.)
early 15c., "liveliness, vigor," from Old French vivacite or directly from Latin vivacitatem (nominative vivacitas) "vital force, liveliness," from vivax (genitive vivacis) "lively," also "long-lived," from vivere "to live" (see vital)....
viz.
1530s, abbreviation of videlicet "that is to say, to wit, namely" (mid-15c.), from Latin videlicet, contraction of videre licet "it is permissible to see," from videre "to see" (see vision) + licet "it is allowed," third person singular pres...
vitriolic (adj.)
1660s, from French vitriolique (16c.) or from vitriol + -ic. Figurative sense "biting, caustic, very severe" is by 1841....
vixen (n.)
Old English *fyxen (implied in adjective fyxan), fem. of fox (see fox (n.) and cognate with Middle High German vhsinne, German fchsin). Solitary English survival of the Germanic feminine suffix -en, -in (also in Old English gyden "goddess;"...
vitriol (n.)
late 14c., "sulphate of iron," from Old French vitriol (13c.), from Medieval Latin vitriolum "vitriol," noun use of neuter of vitriolus, variant of Late Latin vitreolus "of glass," from Latin vitreus "of glass, glassy," from vitrum "glass" (...
vivacious (adj.)
1640s, from Latin vivax (genitive vivacis) "lively, vigorous" (see vivacity) + -ous. Related: Vivaciously....
vivace (adv.)
1680s, from Italian vivace "brisk, lively," from Latin vivac-, stem of vivax "lively, vigorous; long-lived, enduring" (see vivacity)....
vivisection (n.)
"dissection of a living animal," 1694, from Latin vivus "alive" (see vivid) + ending from dissection). Related: Vivisectionist....
vitrine (n.)
"glass show-case," 1880, from French vitrine, from vitre "glass, window-glass," from Latin vitrum "glass" (see vitreous)....
viva voce
also viva-voce, "by word of mouth," 1580s, Latin, literally "living-voice," ablative of viva vox....
vivisect (v.)
1852, back-formation from vivisection. Related: Vivisected; vivisecting....
vitrify (v.)
1590s, from Middle French vitrifier (16c.), from Latin vitrum "glass" (see vitreous) + -ficare, from facere "to make, do" (see factitious). Related: Vitrified; vitrification....
viva (interj.)
1640s, from Italian viva "(long) live, may he (or she) live," third person singular present subjunctive of vivere "to live," from Latin vivere "to live" (see vital). Probably reborrowed (1836) from Spanish viva, from vivir "to live," from La...
viviparous (adj.)
1640s, from Late Latin viviparus "bringing forth alive," from Latin vivus "alive, living" (see vivid) + parere "bring forth, bear" (see pare). See viper....
vitreous (adj.)
early 15c., "glasslike," from Latin vitreus "of glass, glassy," from vitrum "glass," which perhaps was so called for its color (compare vitrium "woad"). Vitreous humor attested from 1660s....
vivify (v.)
late 14c., from Old French vivifier "come alive; give life to" (12c.), from Late Latin vivificare "make alive, restore to life," from vivificus "enlivening," from Latin vivus "alive" (see vivid) + root of facere "to make" (see factitious). V...
vitiligo (n.)
1650s, from Latin vitiglio "a kind of cutaneous eruption, tetter" (Celsus), perhaps with an original sense of "blemish," from PIE *wi-tu-, from root *wei- (3) "vice, fault, guilt" (see vice (n.1))....
Vitus
from Latinized form of Svanto-vit, name of a Slavic god worshiped with ecstatic dances on the Baltic island of Rgen, transferred by Christian missionaries to Saint Vitus. The Italian form of the name is Guido....
vituperative (adj.)
1727, from vituperate + -ive. Related: Vituperatively....
vivid (adj.)
1630s, from French vivide and perhaps also directly from Latin vividus "spirited, animated, lively, full of life," from vivus "alive," from PIE *gweie- (1) "to live" (see bio-). Extension to colors is from 1660s. Sense of "strong, distinct"...
viticulture (n.)
"cultivation of grapes," 1867, from French viticulture, from Latin vitis "vine" (see vise) + culture (see culture (n.)). Related: Viticultural (1855)....
vituperation (n.)
mid-15c., but rare before early 19c., from Latin vituperationem (nominative vituperatio) "blame, a blaming, censuring," from past participle stem of vituperare "disparage, find fault with," from vitiperos "having faults," from vitium "fault,...
Vivian
masc. proper name, from Latin Vivianus (source also of French Vivien), literally "living, alive," (see vivid). But Klein says it is "prob. a misreading of the Celtic name Ninian."...
vinegar (n.)
early 14c., from Old French vinaigre "vinegar," from vin "wine" (from Latin vinum; see wine (n.)) + aigre "sour" (see eager). In Latin, it was vinum acetum "wine turned sour;" compare Greek oxos "wine vinegar," which is related to oxys "shar...
vituperate (v.)
1540s, back-formation from vituperation, or else from Latin vituperatus, past participle of vituperare. "Not in common use until the beginning of the 19th c." [OED]. Related: Vituperated; vituperating....
vive (interj.)
1590s (in vive le roi), from French, literally "long live ______;" French equivalent of viva (q.v.). Jocular phrase vive la diffrence in reference to the difference between men and women is recorded from 1963. Also in vive la bagatelle, lite...
venturous (adj.)
"daring, bold, hardy," 1560s, shortened form of adventurous, influenced by venture....